Contemporary wildlife biologists depend on sound science and ever-evolving research to make well-informed management decisions. An often underestimated component of the wildlife management equation is the human element. Current research efforts are shifting to better understand this element in an area of research often referred to as human dimensions of wildlife or social science research. It is this area of research where the Council to Advance Hunting and the Shooting Sports believes the solutions to the community’s recruitment, retention and reactivation (R3) challenges lie. As a result, the Council is an active partner in current research projects to help the community better understand the challenges we face and also the slew of possible solutions available. Below are a few examples of helpful research to frame the challenges at hand.


Hunting and Shooting Sports Participation

National hunting license sales have declined by more than 2,000,000 since the 1980s. There are a few sources of information that can help to better understand the declining trends in participation.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Historic Hunting License Certifications

National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation

Archery Participation Among Adult U.S. Residents in 2015

Target Shooting in America


Council Research Reports

Over the last five years the Council has increased its involvement in research projects to better understand R3 efforts and challenges. Below are recent reports the Council has released.

State Agency Resource Allocation to R3 Efforts

Conservation Awareness Study

State Customer Experience Evaluations